For corporations in Canada who want to claim the small business deductions when filing corporation income tax Toronto or other Canadian cities such as Calgary, Vancouver, the net tax rate effective from January 2012 has been 15%. The corporation is a popular business structure form in Canada. This is because the distinction in liability protection for corporations offers as against a sole proprietorship concern. Canadian corporations are taxed slightly differently than the other business categories when filing the corporation income tax Toronto or other Canadian cities such as Calgary, Vancouver.
The important tax change when considering corporation income tax Toronto or other cities is that the corporation is a legal entity within its own rights and is taxed separately from individual proprietorship. There are different kinds of corporations in Canada. The type will determine whether or not a corporation can claim certain deductions and rates. An important type of corporation in Canada is the Canadian Controlled Private Corporation (CCPC). It has to be incorporated in Canada. The shares of its capital stock are not listed by class on any designated stock exchange. A public corporation is defined by getting its category of shares listed on a Canadian stock exchange which is designated as a public enterprise.
Canadian corporations have multiple methods to reduce the income tax amounts in Canada. They have to either follow some tax guidance which will help earn them some tax credits or they will have to take advantage of income corporate tax credits.
As all corporations are distinct legal entities, they have to complete and file a T2 Form every year. This is applicable to all corporations operating in Toronto or other Canadian cities even if the corporation happens to be an inactive one. The one exception to the rule is if the corporation is a registered charity enterprise.
Corporation Income Tax applies to all corporations with a T2 Short Return Form if they are a Canadian controlled private corporation through the tax period. The corporation could have a nil net income or a loss for the purpose of income tax. The corporation also should have a permanent establishment in only one territory or a provincial region. The corporation should not be claiming any refundable tax credits in addition to the refund of installments that it has paid. For a T2 Short Return Form, it is also mandatory that the corporation not receive or also pay out any taxable dividends. The corporation has to report its accounts in Canadian currency. In absence of all these conditions, a corporation has to file a regular T2 Return.
It is recommended that the Corporation Income Tax returns be prepared by experienced and professional tax experts as completion of a T2 Corporation Income Tax form will require usage of the General Index of Financial Information (GIFI) and it is more complex than the T1 Personal Income Tax Return.
Corporation Income Tax in Toronto or other cities has to be filed within half a year of the end of the fiscal year. If the year-end date for filing taxes is March 31st, it has to be filed before 30th September of that year.
Corporation Income Tax in Toronto or other Canadian peer cities can be filed electronically through an eFile and this applies to even non-resident corporations. If a corporation has any balance outstanding due on its corporate income tax, that balance has to be paid within a period of two months after the close of the tax year.